Northern Wisconsin National Canoe Base
Boy Scouts of America

Answer each question by putting a "T" for true, or a "F" for false in the blank provided.  If any part of the question is false, the whole question should be answered false.


  1. The J-Stroke is a bow steering stroke.
  2. The bowman is executing a sweep of the left side.  If the sternman is executing a j-stroke on the right, the canoe will turn to the right.
  3. To pivot the canoe, the bowman does a pry stroke on the left while the sternman does a pry on the right.
  4. One other way to turn to the left is for the bowman to paddle on the left using a draw while the sternman paddles on the lift using a j-stroke.
  5. On the river the back stroke is a good friend.
  6. Pry stroke in the bow and stern can be used for pivoting the canoe.
  7. The stern uses a draw stroke to carry him to the side on which he paddles.
  8. When not in use, the canoe is always stored upside down on the beach close to the water for convenience with the stern facing the lake, the bottom thus forming a windbreak.
  9. The trip planned for you is only a suggested trip, if your party wishes to go elsewhere, they may.
  10. Paddles should be placed on the stern and midship thwarts when being lashed I the canoe for portaging.
  11. In swamping, the sternman enters the canoe before the bowman.
  12. The party need not stay together on a cone trip.
  13. When paddling at any time, all canoeists should wear life jackets (Pfd's).
  14. When the lake becomes too rough for paddling the canoes should be walked along the shoreline.


  1. A clove hitch knot is used to attach the rope to the dining tarp so that it will not rip out the grommet.
  2. It is proper to store the axe temporarily by sinking the bit of the axe into the splitting log as long as no part of the bit is exposed.
  3. The person using the axe in the splitting area should face away from the camp to avoid hitting someone if the axe slips.
  4. In the contact method of splitting both the bit and the handle of the axe may be in contact with the wood being split.
  5. A good camper "leaves no trace".
  6. In preparing meals, prepare the easier dishes first so that you will have plenty of time to prepare the harder ones.
  7. The staples box is packed first for balance and convenience.
  8. Softwoods are necessary for successful dutch oven cooking.
  9. The amount of hot coals used on the top of a dutch oven should be at least twice the amount used on the top.
  10. Personal packs should be packed for comfort, convenience, compactness and balance.
  11. A good compass will always guide you back to camp.
  12. Any excess cold dead ashes should be scattered widely in the woods before starting each cooking fire.
  13. A fire may be left unattended in a campsite if the campers will be gone for a short time and if the area is sandy and rocky.
  14. Your cooking fire - the bigger the better.
  15. The large rinse kettle goes over the fireplace before the fire is built.
  16. Garbage, paper and containers are normally burned.  However, if you discover some garbage, containers or paper after the fire has been extinguished, they should be buried deeply.
  17. A fire may be built anywhere in a campsite, as long as it is away from the tents and anything else that may catch fire.
  18. Before the crew leaves a campsite, the voyageur should check for cleanliness and equipment.


  1. Water from a clear, clean lake is never treated with W.P.F. (Water Purification Fluid) because the water is pure enough to drink.
  2. Shoes must be worn by everyone, except when one is in bed or is swimming in a checked swimming area.
  3. Dishes washed in clear warm water don't need to be sterilized by boiling or chemicals.
  4. Swimming is permissible when and adult leader is within calling distance away.


  1. Baby Loons will die of exhaustion if chased.
  2. One is not permitted to peal birch bark from live trees even if he (or she) cannot find dead bark to start the fire.
  3. The training of the party by the voyageur ends the day the party leaves the base for the trail.
  4. Although the adult leader is along during the training period at the Base, the Staff Party Trainer is the real leader during this period.
  5. If you take an emergency campsite for the evening, you do not have to phone into the base if the nearest phone is a long distance away.


  1. Wet Gear:
  1. Should be burned.
  2. Should be hung on tents or tent lines.
  3. Should be hung on a clothesline.
  4. Should be taken home to your mother's dryer.

  1. The canoe base telephone number is:
  1. 389-5453
  2. 385-9453
  3. 384-9453
  4. 385-9543

  1. Beaver Dams are invaluable because:
  1. They regulate the water level.
  2. They trap debris, thus filtering the water and keeping it clean.
  3. They provide an excellent source of firewood.
  4. They give canoe parties a chance to carry over.

  1. Campsites used on the trail:
  1. Are reserved for canoe base groups.
  2. Are first come first served for everyone.
  3. Are first come first served for everyone but the canoe base crews.
  4. Are furnished with running water and electricity.

  1. If another crew is on your assigned site, you will:
  1. Ask them to leave.
  2. Move in with them.
  3. Ask for help at the nearest resort.
  4. Move to an alternate campsite and call the base.

  1. An emergency campsite may be used if:
  1. You do not like the assigned campsite.
  2. There is a light rain.
  3. You decide to change your trip.
  4. Your assigned site is occupied.


  1. What points should you stress when portaging? (You should have at least four)

  1. Describe the responsibilities of the three work crews during camp operation.
  1. Camp set-up
Fuel & Water

  1. Meal Preparation
Fuel & Water

  1. Cleanup
Fuel & Water

  1. List the points of information needed for each item on the advanced meal preparation form.

  1. What are the three danger areas of camp?

  1. What are the important points of the safe swim plan?

53. What kinds of injuries happen most often on the trail?

  1. What are the four main points of the outdoor code?